Christianity is the religion stemming from the teachings of Paul, attributing it to, Jesus in the 1st century AD. Its sacred scripture is the Bible, particularly the New Testament. Its principal tenets are that Jesus is the Son of God (the second person of the Holy Trinity), that God’s love for the world is the essential component of his being, and that Jesus died to redeem humankind. Christianity was originally a movement of Jews who accepted Jesus as the messiah, but the movement quickly became predominantly Gentile. The early church was shaped by St. Paul and other Christian missionaries and theologians; it was persecuted under the Roman Empire but supported by Constantine I, the first Christian emperor. In medieval and early modern Europe, Christian thinkers such as St. Augustine, Thomas Aquinas, and Martin Luther contributed to the growth of Christian theology, and beginning in the 15th century missionaries spread the faith throughout much of the world. The major divisions of Christianity are Roman Catholicism, Eastern Orthodoxy, and Protestantism. Nearly all Christian churches have an ordained clergy, members of which are typically though not universally male. Members of the clergy lead group worship services and are viewed as intermediaries between the laity and the divine in some churches. Most Christian churches administer two sacraments, baptism and the Eucharist. Presently there are around two billion adherents of Christianity throughout the world, found on all continents. Read more at following:http://bible-christianity.blogspot.com/
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Islam and Christianity:
Presently more than half of world population comprise of Christians and Muslims. These great faiths, along with the small but economically and politically powerful Jews are linked to the common ancestor, the great patriarch and Prophet Abraham (peace be upon him). These civilizations have greatly influenced the whole world during last two millenniums. Despite believing in the same One God, which Abraham and his children worshiped, there is an element of suspicious, mistrust and hatred, developed trough long historically process.
Major chunk of Byzantine Empire and Spain fell to Muslims after 7th century. It was followed by the ‘Crusaders’, the series of wars fought from the late eleventh through the thirteenth centuries, in which European Christian kings and warriors on instigation of Popes, set out to gain control of the lands in which Jesus lived, known as the Holy Land. The Crusades had several lasting results, while exposing the Europeans to the goods, technology, and customs of Asia, they left lasting scars of animosity and hatred among the Christian (Western) and Islamic civilizations.
Islam is misunderstood due to many fallacies, which exist among Christians, non Muslims and even amongst some Muslims. The main reasons contributing towards these delusions are; historic, geopolitical, social, cultural, economic, and religious and lack of understanding of Islam, and its values due to restricted and subjective view. Attributing every violent act performed by some Muslims, to Islam is not fair. Islam is strictly the monotheist religion of ‘Peace’ literally and from core, it does not encourage violence or suicide, rather killing of innocent people is considered as a crime against humanity. (Qur’an:4:29, 5:32, 17:33). The legitimate warfare by the state is to be conducted strictly within laid down limits (Qur’an:2:216,190-193, 60:8-9).
Besides Abraham, Moses and other biblical prophets, Jesus Christ is highly revered by Muslims as the last Hebrew Prophet, miraculously born a belief also shared by many Christians. Qur’an goes a step farther by declaring Jesus and Mary as a Sign of God, for (Aayah-Li-Al-Alamen) the entire universe (Qur’an;21:91). Though the Jews not only reject and disbelieve in Jesus Christ but treat him with contempt. The book: “Jesus Christ: Christianity and Bible”, is a modest endeavor to present the pragmatic perspective of Jesus, Christianity, Bible and their relationship with Islam by synthesizing the works of great scholars. The commonalities of his teachings with Islam, which despite being obscured (under the subjective, tainted implausible views with the sole objective of supporting certain doctrines) by theologians with vested interests, still can be found even in the existing Scriptures. It is hoped this effort will contribute in removing some misconceptions and misunderstandings to bring the two great civilizations closer. Efforts have been made to be as precise as possible without any prejudice, or contempt. However error or omissions if any are incidental for which forgiveness from God is sought: “Our Lord! Do not punish us if we forget or make a mistake.”(Qur’an;2:286).
19 March, 2009
CHAPTER:1-JESUS CHRIST LIFE &TEACHINGS…
CHAPTER:2-EVOLUTION OF CHRISTIANITY-NEW FAITH
CHAPTER:4-MONOTHEISM IN CHRISTIANITY
CHAPTER:5-DOCTRINES REFUTED IN BIBLE
CHAPTER:6-JESUS AND DIVINITY
CHAPTER:7-MAIN BRANCHES OF CHRISTIANITY
CHAPTER:8-IMPACT OF ISLAM ON CHRISTIANITY
CHAPTER:10-THE GOSPEL OF JESUS BY BARNABAS
CHAPTER:11-MONOTHEISM IN BIBLE
CHAPTER:12-PROPHET MUHAMMAD(PBUH)IN BIBLE