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Rise and fall of Nations - Law of Quran:

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Everything that happens in this world is controlled by the well-known Laws of Nature. The same is true of the rise and fall of a nation. The Quran in one of its chapters gives substance to this law thus: 

God does not change the condition of a people’s lot, unless they change what is in their hearts. (13:11)

 By the world “people” the Quran means the nation or society, and by the word “heart” or “inner self” the Quran refers to individuals. Here the Quran refers to that law of nature which determines the fate of peoples or nations. This law applies without exception to all nations. According to this law, the destiny of a nation depends upon the individuals of which it is composed. Every individual is an important unit of his nation. If the individuals are good in character, the whole nation will be good, but if the individuals are bad in character, then the whole nation will become bad. This law tells us how to reform a nation or a society after deterioration has set in. This law gives us the starting point. Whenever it has become apparent that a nation has fallen in evil ways, we have to start our reform from its individual members; that is the only possible way to begin. You can successfully address an individual mind, but you cannot similarly address a crowd. This means that in such a situation we have to change individuals through education, both formally and informally. We have to change their minds and hearts, we have to change their way of thinking, we have to de-condition their conditioned minds. How to rebuild a society which has gone into decline? The answer is: Begin from the beginning. Begin with individual reform.
(Molana Wahidudin Khan)


لِكُلِّ شَيْىءٍ إذَا مَا تَمّ نُقْصَانُ      فَلَا يَغُرّ بِطِيْبِ الْعَيْشِ إنْسَانُ

(Everything when comes to its maturity, perishes; therefore, human beings should not be deceived by the (available) comforts and amenities of their life). Nafh al-Tib by al-Maqqari, Vol: 6, P. 232.

There is no exception in Allah’s Way ( سُنَّة اللّه ) that the unjust, tyrant and morally bankrupt nations perish and Allah places other nations in their position. Allah has very clearly warned us about His Way:

"وَإِن تَتَوَلَّوْا يَسْتَبْدِلْ قَوْمًا غَيْرَكُمْ ثُمَّ لَا يَكُونُوا أَمْثَالَكُم"  
 اگر تم منہ موڑو گے تو اللہ تمہاری جگہ کسی اور قوم کو لے آئے گا اور وہ تم جیسے نہ ہوں گے (47:38 قرآن )                         

 (If you turn back (from the Path of Allah), He will substitute in your stead another people; then they would not be like you!) Surah: 47, Verse: 38.

The Holy Qur’an has repeatedly warned the mankind and particularly the world nations who do not adhere to the morality and higher values that such systems and strategies which are based on coercion, looting and exploitation, will not persist long and will change. The Divine Design is very well elaborated by Allah; as He (Allah) says:

"...وَأَمَّا مَا يَنفَعُ ٱلنَّاسَ فَيَمْكُثُ فِى ٱلْأَرْض "
جو لوگوں کو نفع دینے والی چیز ہے وه زمین میں ٹھہری رہتی ہے،(13:17 قرآن )

(…while that which is for the good of mankind remains on the earth). Surah: 13, Verse: 17.

Allah further reminds the nations in the Qur’an:

إِن يَمْسَسْكُمْ قَرْحٌ فَقَدْ مَسَّ ٱلْقَوْمَ قَرْحٌ مِّثْلُهُۥ ۚ وَتِلْكَ ٱلْأَيَّامُ نُدَاوِلُهَا بَيْنَ ٱلنَّاسِ وَلِيَعْلَمَ ٱللَّهُ ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا۟ وَيَتَّخِذَ مِنكُمْ شُهَدَآءَوَٱللَّهُ لَا يُحِبُّ ٱلظَّٰلِمِينَ (3:140 قرآن)

 ا ِس وقت اگر تمھیں چوٹ لگی ہے تو اس سے پہلے ایسی ہی چوٹ تمہارے مخالف فریق کو بھی لگ چکی ہے یہ تو زمانہ کے نشیب و فراز ہیں جنہیں ہم لوگوں کے درمیان گردش دیتے رہتے ہیں تم پر یہ وقت ا س لیے لایا گیا کہ اللہ دیکھنا چاہتا تھا کہ تم میں سچے مومن کون ہیں، اور ان لوگوں کو چھانٹ لینا چاہتا تھا جو واقعی (راستی کے) گواہ ہوں کیونکہ ظالم لوگ اللہ کو پسند نہیں ہیں 
(3:140 قرآن)

(If a wound afflicts you, a similar wound has afflicted the others.   Such days (of varying fortunes) We (Allah) alternate between the people, that Allah may know those who believe, and that He may take to Himself from your ranks witnesses (to truth). Allah does not love the evildoers). Surah: 3, Verse: 140.

In the same way the declining nations cannot rise until they change what is within themselves, as Allah says:

"إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ لَا يُغَيِّرُ مَا بِقَوْمٍ حَتَّىٰ يُغَيِّرُوا۟ مَا بِأَنفُسِهِمْ" (13:11 قرآن)
حقیقت یہ ہے کہ اللہ کسی قوم کے حال کو نہیں بدلتا جب تک وہ خود اپنے اوصاف کو نہیں بدل دیتی (13:11 قرآن)

(Allah does not change the condition of people until they change what is within themselves). Surah 13: Verse 11.

Dear readers! According to the Qur’an the Rise and Fall of nations and civilizations is coupled with moral sanctity and adherence to the higher values on both levels, internally and externally, for which the Qur’an invites the people to ponder. Therefore, the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, reminds us:

"إنّ اللّهَ يَرْفَعُ بِهذَا الكِتابِ أقْواماً وَ يَضَعُ بِهِ آخَرِيْنَ"
اللہ قوم کو اس کتاب (قرآن پر عمل کرنے سے ) سے بلند کرے گا اور اس سے ہی پستی میں ڈالے گا (جب وہ قرآن کو چھوڑ دیں گے ) [صحیح مسلم حدیث # 817]

(Allah will give Rise with this book (al-Qur’an al-Karim) some nations; and He (Allah) will cause Fall of some nations with this book (when they will abandon its dictates and teachings). Sahih Muslim: Hadith # 817.

There is good news for those who act in accordance with the dictates of the Qur’an and a warning for those who do not pay any heed to the eternal teachings. Allah says:

"وَنُنَزِّلُ مِنَ الْقُرْآنِ مَا هُوَ شِفَاءٌ وَرَحْمَةٌ لِّلْمُؤْمِنِينَ ۙ وَلَا يَزِيدُ الظَّالِمِينَ إِلَّا خَسَارًا" 

 ہم اِس قرآن کے سلسلہ تنزیل میں وہ کچھ نازل کر رہے ہیں جو ماننے والوں کے لیے تو شفا اور رحمت ہے، مگر ظالموں کے لیے خسارے کے سوا اور کسی چیز میں اضافہ نہیں کرتا

(We (Allah) send down (stage by stage) in the Qur´an that which is a healing and a mercy to those who believe: to the unjust it causes nothing but loss after loss). Surah: 17, Verse: 82.

It is surprising that many a people, despite the fact that they have the capacity to understand, they do not come to the Divine Guidance. It is exclaimed:

"أَفَلَا يَتَدَبَّرُونَ الْقُرْآنَ أَمْ عَلَىٰ قُلُوبٍ أَقْفَالُهَا (47:24)  

 کیا ان لوگوں نے قرآن پر غور نہیں کیا، یا دلوں پر اُن کے قفل چڑھے ہوئے ہیں؟
 (47:24)                                            ”

(Will they not ponder the Qur’an? Or, are there locks upon their hearts?) Surah: 47, Verse: 24.


خدا جو کچھ کرتا ہے ، اس کا تعلق انسانوں کے اختیار سے نہیں ، بلکہ اس کی وسیع تر حکمت سے ہوتا ہے جس کے تحت اسے کائنات کا نظم چلانا ہے۔تاریخ میں خدا کی مداخلت سے انسانی اختیار پر پہرے نہیں بیٹھتے۔

اس ضمن میں اصولی بات یہ ہے کہ فرد کی تقدیر کا فیصلہ اس کا ذاتی عمل اور قوم کی تقدیر کا فیصلہ قوم کا اجتماعی عمل کرتا ہے۔خدا کا کام فیصلہ سنانا اور سزاوجزا دینا ہے۔یہ فیصلہ فردکے لیے آخرت میں اور قوم کے لیے دنیا میں سنایاجاتا ہے۔
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