Skip to main content


Showing posts from June, 2011

Why India Need of Electoral Reforms?

WebpageTranslator Faith in politicians has eroded in India  India's democracy is facing serious challenges. [see Political Reforms for  Pakistan' . ] Nearly a third of MPs - 158 of 543, to be precise - in the parliament face criminal charges. Seventy-four of them face serious charges such as murder and abduction. There are more than 500 criminal cases against these lawmakers.  These MPs hail from across the political spectrum, writes  Soutik Biswas Twelve of the 205 MPs or 5% of the lawmakers in the ruling Congress Party face criminal charges. The main opposition BJP fares worse with 19 of 116 - or more than 16% - of its MPs facing charges. More than 60% of the MPs belonging to two key regional parties, Samajwadi Party and Bahujan Samaj Party - who profess to serve the poor and the untouchables - face criminal charges. Then there are allegations of rampant vote-buying by parties, especially in southern India. The Election Commission seized more t

How to fight back Extremism

WebpageTranslator Winning Minds: First, the extremist ideology must be countered effectively. They take shelter behind Islam, pretending to be only true Muslims, fighting the infidels and their supporters [who, according to them fall outside folds of Islam]. Very little is done at national and tactical levels to effectively counter this false ideology based upon misinterpretation of holy text. Resultantly society, even ranks and file in armed forces are divided.The extremists find sympathisers among intellectuals, politicians, media and other segments of society. Public support to a terrorist [gorilla] is important like water to fish for survival. To deprive extremists from this, there has to be a mass campaign to educate the people, create awareness about basis teachings of Islam for peace, moderation and tolerance. While the media experts can evolve the campaign, immediately while breaking the news of any terrorist act, media  [TV] should display the verses from Qur'an an Hadit

Fighting corruption in India

WebpageTranslator As government scandals continue to plague the nation, can a law bring reform and transparency? Watch Video: A recent series of big-ticket corruption scandals in India ranging from the Delhi Commonwealth Games to the 2-G telecom scam have plagued the nation, triggering massive public outrage.  On Tuesday's  Riz Khan  we ask: Has the problem of corruption been exaggerated and if not how can Indians tackle it?Earlier this month 71-year old social activist Anna Hazare held a four-day fast to pressure the Indian government to form a committee of politicians and social activists to finally come up with an effective anti-corruption bill. We speak with Kiran Bedi, a social activist and draftee of the anti-corruption Jan Lokpal Bill; and Jagdish Bhagwati, a professor at Columbia University and a senior fellow in international economics at the Council on Foreign Relations.  Pakista

Democracy: Voting Systems

There are basically two systems in parliamentary elections, - the  Majority Election System - the  Proportional Representation System . Both systems do have advantages and shortcomings and there is no generally accepted preference. Two important points to be considered are  equal and just influence of every vote on the electoral result  and  stability of the political system . Majority Election System With the  majority election system , only one member of parliament is to be elected per  constituency  [area and group of voters living therein that is taken as a unit in the election process]. Basic Idea The  most qualified personality  shall be selected to represent the constituency. Characteristics, Pros and Cons With the majority election system, small parties have no chance to win a mandate unless there are some constituencies with a population having political views differing much from those in the rest of the country. With the size constituencies in big nation

Secularism for Religion- Compatible?

WebpageTranslator The controversial reformist Abduhalli An-Naim has a penchant for writing contentious works on some of the most divisive issues facing the Islamic world. In the past he wrote Towards an Islamic Reformation, an ambitious book arguing for a radical reformulation of Islamic law and rethinking the field of Usul-al-fiqh and the method of interpreting religious texts. In a way his new book, Islam and the Secular State, is a logical extension of his vision for reform. The book is a blend of theory and practice which makes An-Naim such a convincing public intellectual — he not only has a grasp of the intricacies of legal philosophy but can also demonstrate their relevance to real life. In his case studies on Turkey, Indonesia and India, he illustrates the diversity of Muslim interactions and models of secularism. While before An-Naim worked within the Islamic tradition to reinterpret a more humane and liberal version of Islamic public law, this is a m