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10 March 2011

Are Muslims Averse to Science & Technology? "هم من المسلمين كرهوا العلوم والتكنولوجيا؟"




هم من المسلمين كرهوا العلوم والتكنولوجيا؟

·            Impact of Islam on Christianity & West
·            Knowledge and Learning
·            Islamic Scholarship
·            Islam & Philosophy
·            Muslims: Rise and Decline
It is generally perceived that the Muslims only know about warfare, though built a large empire, covering most parts of known world lasting for over thousand years, but their contribution to science and technology for human development is almost insignificant. This is far from truth. 
The Muslims are urged to acquired knowledge, not only theological but also in all other branches of knowledge including science and technology. Muslim scholars calculated the angle of the ecliptic; measured the size of the Earth; calculated the precession of the equinoxes; explained, in the field of optics and physics, such phenomena as refraction of light, gravity, capillary attraction, and twilight; and developed observatories for the empirical study of heavenly bodies. They made advances in the uses of drugs, herbs, and foods for medication; established hospitals with a system of interns and externs; discovered causes of certain diseases and developed correct diagnoses of them; proposed new concepts of hygiene; made use of anesthetics in surgery with newly innovated surgical tools; and introduced the science of dissection in anatomy.
Muslims furthered the scientific breeding of horses and cattle; found new ways of grafting to produce new types of flowers and fruits; introduced new concepts of irrigation, fertilization, and soil cultivation; and improved upon the science of navigation. In the area of chemistry, Muslim scholarship led to the discovery of such substances as potash, alcohol, nitrate of silver, nitric acid, sulfuric acid, and mercury chloride.
Muslims scientists also developed to a high degree of perfection the arts of textiles, ceramics, and metallurgy.” According to a US study published by the American Association for the Advancement of Science in its Journal on 21 February 2007;  ‘Designs on surface tiles in the Islamic world during the Middle Ages revealed their maker’s understanding of mathematical concepts not grasped in the West until 500 years later. Many Medieval Islamic buildings walls have ornate geometric star and polygon or ‘girih’, patterns, which are often overlaid with a swirling network of lines – This girih tile method was more efficient and precise than the previous approach, allowing for an important breakthrough in Islamic mathematics and design.’


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