Genocide of Palestinians at Sabra and Shatila: "الإبادة الجماعية للفلسطينيين من خلال الاسرائيليين في صبرا وشاتيلا"
"רצח עם של פלסטינים וישראלים באמצעות סברה ושתילה"
The Sabra and Shatila massacre took place in the Sabra and Shatila Palestinian refugee camps in Beirut, Lebanon between September 16 and September 18, 1982, during the Lebanese civil war. Palestinian andLebanese civilians were massacred in the camps by Christian Lebanese Phalangists while the camp was surrounded by the Israel Defense Force. In that period of time, Israel was at war with the PLO in Lebanon.
Israeli forces occupied Beirut, dominated the refugee camps of Palestinians and controlled the entrance to the city. After the assassination of Bachir Gemayel, leader and president-elect of the Lebanese Kataeb Party, a Maronite group, also called Lebanese Forces militia group, entered the camp and murdered inhabitants during the night. The number of victims is about 3,500.
Israeli forces enabled the entrance of the angry Kataeb Party group to the refugee camps, by providing them transportation from outside Beirut and firing illuminating flares over the camps. The Phalangists were under the direct command of Elie Hobeika, who later became a long-serving Member of the Parliament of Lebanon and, in the 1990s, a Lebanese cabinet minister.
In 1982, an independent commission chaired by Sean MacBride concluded that the Israeli authorities or forces were, directly or indirectly, responsible. The Israeli government established the Kahan Commissionto investigate, and in early 1983 it found Israel indirectly responsible for the event. Ariel Sharon [later Israeli Prime Minister, He has been in a permanent vegetative state (wakeful unconscious state ) since suffering a stroke on 4 January 2006, a divine punishment or an eye opener for his cruelty.] was held personally responsible for allowing the Phalangists into the camps.