Skip to main content

Culture Perceptions in US media افة تصورات وسائل الإعلام في الولايات المتحدة

WebpageTranslator

[No Sympathy for Terrorism by [United] States or Groups/Individuals on any pretext]
Other realms are perceived as a threat to western culture, paving the way for a clash of values;  writes Al Kabalan, Special to Gulf  News. Assassination of Osama Bin Laden by US Special Forces last week has once again underlined the importance of culture perceptions in defining US media coverage of Islam and the Arab world. The roots of the cultural dimension, which overwhelm the US media coverage of the Middle East, lie in the European-Islamic centuries-old relations. European writings on the Middle East played a vital role in shaping American perceptions of Islam. After the Second World War, American contacts with the Islamic world substantially increased as the US inherited the dominance and influence of the European colonial powers in the region.
Post-Second World War US-Islamic contacts led to forging contemporary stereotypes — most of them emerged in response to Middle Eastern crises — where pictures of religion, culture and politics have become all mixed. These stereotypes are firmly established now in the US media limiting their ability to respond to changes in the Arab and Islamic world.
In fact, the cultural dimension in the US media coverage is not limited to the Middle East. It affects the world at large and is shaped by two approaches. The first is prescriptive: based on a particular understanding of how the world ought to look. This “ethnocentrism”, Herbert J. Gans, an American sociologist, believes “comes through most explicitly in foreign news, which judges other countries by the extent to which they live up to or imitate American practices and values”. In this respect, Gans presented a list of the hidden social values in the US media coverage of international news. They are ‘ethnocentricism, altruistic democracy, responsible capitalism, individualism, moderatism and order’. If we apply these values to the Arab Middle East, we find that most of them would tend to tilt against it. The second approach in the US media coverage is constructive: based on an interpretative understanding of other cultural realms.
In the Middle East, the cultural dimension is derived from a longstanding tendency to reject, and possibly substitute, what is believed to be a ‘traditional and inferior culture’ that needs to be abandoned, or at least modernised, and a ‘backward people’ who need to be civilised. The reluctance of some Americans to accept the multicultural nature of the world, on one hand, a tendency that has become increasingly clearer since the end of the Cold War, and the unwillingness of Arab Middle Easterners to abandon their own cultural dispositions, on the other hand, have led to a perceived cultural clash, at least on the part of the latter, prompting some fears of western cultural hegemony. Furthermore, when some Americans admit that western culture is unique but not universal, they do recognise other cultural realms but they perceive them as a threat to the western culture, paving the way for the culture clash vision.
Apprehensions
Furthermore, it is widely accepted that the US media tends to reflect the fears and echo the prevalent apprehensions in Israeli circles. It must not be surprising, therefore, that senior Israeli voices are heard loudly in the US media trying to portray Islam as an enemy of the West.
Pro-Israeli journalists in major US newspapers also play a significant role in presenting Islam as an antagonistic religion and culture. Eric Alterman, a well-known US analyst, listed 60 big-name commentators he says are reflexively pro-Israel that “even Benjamin Netanyahu would not be able to complain about the level of support his actions typically receive from the members of the media. For reasons of religion, politics, history and genuine conviction the media debate of the Middle East in America is dominated by people who cannot imagine criticising Israel”, let alone presenting Israel’s own views in the media.
The US media tends also to echo important debates in academic circles. In fact, the academic debate on political Islam has extended to the media and became a matter of great controversy. Here, the US media tends to strengthen certain views through seeking guidance from experts on certain political issues and for political and ideological affiliation most of those experts, not all though, happened to be anti-Arab. It is clear now that a mutual dependency relationship has developed between media and experts where one uses the other to strengthen certain views and tries to influence the public debate on political Islam.
All these reasons prevent the US media from taking an objective stand in covering the world of Islam, something that was absolutely clear in dealing with the killing of Osama Bin Laden.
Dr Marwan Al Kabalan is Lecturer in Media and International Relations, Damascus University, Syria. http://gulfnews.com/opinions/columnists/culture-perceptions-in-us-media-1.806998
More Source:
Bin Laden's Legacy: Options for Muslims: Bin Laden and the US leadership had one thing common; the misguided belief that; ‘End justifies the means’. But if we want to preserve our humanity, it nerve does. The Muslims may respond to the present crisis in two ways; either to follow the clear, unambiguous teachings and guidance from Qur’an and Sunnah to be successful in this and next world by attaining peace with dignity and honour or blindly follow the path leading to destruction by adhering to the concocted irrational pseudo ideologies of extremists satisfying their ambitions and desires. Option A: is rational, Option B is Irrational, emotional response ….Read full …

Related Links:

Popular posts from this blog

A historic moment in the Arab world

لحظة تاريخية في العالم العربي As a democratic revolution led by tech-empowered young people sweeps the Arab world,  Wadah Khanfar , Al Jazeera's director-general, shares a profoundly optimistic view of what's happening in Egypt, Tunisia, Libya and beyond. In the first talk posted online from the  TED 2011 conference in California , Khanfar describes the powerful moment when people realised they could step out of their homes and ask for change. "كما ثورة ديمقراطية بقيادة الشباب التكنولوجيا ذات صلاحيات تجتاح العالم العربي ، وضاح خنفر ، الجزيرة المدير العام والأسهم وجهة نظر متفائلة بشكل كبير ما يحدث في مصر وتونس وليبيا وخارجها. وفي اول حديث له نشر على الانترنت من مؤتمر تيد 2011 في ولاية كاليفورنيا ، خنفر يصف لحظة قوية عند الناس أدركت أنها لا يمكن الخروج من منازلهم ونطلب من أجل التغيير." http://www.ted.com/talks/wadah_khanfar_a_historic_moment_in_the_arab_world.html This talk was given on March 1, 2011 in Long Beach, California.  TED 2

SalaamOne NetWork

SalaamOne سلام   is   a nonprofit e-Forum to promote peace among humanity, through understanding and tolerance of religions, cultures & other human values. .....[.......] علم اور افہام و تفہیم کے لئے ایک غیر منافع بخش ای فورم ہے. علم،انسانیت، مذہب، سائنس، سماج، ثقافت، اخلاقیات اورروحانیت امن کے لئے.اس فورم کو آفتاب خان،  آزاد محقق اور مصنف نے منظم کیا ہے. تحقیقی کام دس سال سے "ڈیفنس جرنل" میں تسلسل سے چھپ رہا ہے جو کہ بلاگز، ویب سائٹ، سوشل میڈیا، میگزین، ویڈیو چننل اور برقی کتابوں کی صورت میں دستیاب ہے.اس  نیٹ ورک  کو اب تک لاکھوں افراد وزٹ کر چکے ہیں- The enterprise is managed by  Aftab Khan , a freelance researcher and writer. His work and collection is available in the form of e-Books. articles, magazines, videos, posts at social media, blogs & video channels. The  Forum is open to  all the rational, peace loving  people of any faith, gender or race. You may join at social media , invite your friends and share the stuff. The NetWork It has bee

Corona & Attitude of Ulema of Pakistan - Point to Ponder

Faith is entirely a personal matter, which cannot be measured or quantified. Anyone who declares to believe in 6 Fundamentals and 5 Pillars of Islam is considered as a Muslim even if he lacks in practice.  کرونا اور علماء پاکستان کا رویہ - لمحہ فکریہ: پاکستان اس وقت  تک ترقی نہیں کر سکتا  جب تک ہم اس جاہل ، مزہبی انتہا پسند طبقے کی اس زہنیت سےچھٹکارا  نہیں حاصل  کر لیتے جو مساجد ، مذہب کو کنٹرول کرکہ  زیادہ جاہل عوام کو گمراہ  کرتے ہیں۔  اسلام کو ان جہلا کے شکنجے بچایا جانا صروری ہے۔ .....[....] We find many people looking "more Muslim" than others due to their outlook and activities in display, yet it's not a measuring  tool for their level of faith , which is only known to Allah. However they consider ONLY themselves  to be entitled to  exercise control on religion, which is contested because authenticity of any opinion on religious matter is conditional to the reference and authority from Holy Scripture.  Allah has not authorized anyone to present the